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POCT Lipid Testing

Item Value
Approval req'd? No
Available Stat? Yes
Test code
Test group Cholesterol
Performed by Authorized Point of Care testing site staff
In House Availability During clinic hours
Method Cholestech LDX(TM)
Collection Instructions See Cholestech LDX Procedure
Container type Light Green top or Cholestech heparinized capillary tube
Amount to Collect 5 mL blood in vacutainer or 60 µL in capillary tube
Sample type Heparinized whole blood
Preferred volume 60 µL
Min. Volume 35 µL
Units mg/dL
Normal range Total cholesterol:
Children and Adolescents (< 20 y/o):
Acceptable < 170 mg/dL
Borderline 170-199 mg/dL
High > 199 mg/dL

Adults (≥ 20 y/o):
Desirable < 200 mg/dL
Borderline 200-239 mg/dL
High > 239 mg/dL

HDL Cholesterol:
Acceptable > 39 mg/dL
Higher risk < 40 mg/dL
Lower risk > 59 mg/dL

Desirable (if fasting sample) < 150 mg/dL

Desirable (if non-fasting sample)<200 mg/dL
If non-fasting sample is 200 mg/dL or more, testing on fasting sample
is recommended)

LDL cholesterol:
Children and Adolescents (< 20 y/o): Acceptable < 110 mg/dL
Borderline high 110-129 mg/dL
High > 129 mg/dL

Adults: (≥ 20 y/o):
Optimal < 100 mg/dL
Near or above optimal 100-129 mg/dL
Borderline high-risk 130-159 mg/dL
High-risk 160-189 mg/dL
Very high-risk > 189 mg/dL

Risk classifications based on combination of NCEP-ATPIII guidelines and American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guidelines, 2013
Synonyms total cholesterol; HDL cholesterol; triglycerides;
Additional information The measuring range for total cholesterol is 100 - 500 mg/dL. Results outside this range will appear as < 100 mg/dL or > 500 mg/dL.

The measuring range for HDL cholesterol is 15 - 100 mg/dL. Results outside this range will appear as < 15 mg/dL or > 100 mg/dL.

The measuring range for triglycerides is 45 - 650 mg/dL. Results outside this range will appear as < 45 mg/dL or > 650 mg/dL.

If the triglycerides are > 400 mg/dL, the estimated LDL will not be calculated.

If the total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol or triglyceride result is outside the measuring range, the LDL will appear as N/A.

If the triglycerides are > 650 mg/dL, the HDL result may not be accurate and will appear as N/A. Triglycerides > 400 will affect the LDL calculated result and it will not be reported

The measuring range for glucose is 50-500 mg/dL. Results outside this range will
appear as < 50 mg/dL or > 500 mg/dL. The glucose test is specific for D-glucose. Other sugars that may be present in the blood do not react in the glucose test (i.e., fructose, lactose).

Samples with results outside of the measuring range must be sent to the Clinical Laboratory for testing.

Performance of the Cholestech LDX System has not been tested on samples from newborns

The strict requirement of a fasting sample for lipid analysis is no longer considered necessary by many authorities. Changes in CV risk management guidelines, and the results of studies comparing fasting to non-fasting lipid levels, indicate that fasting samples need not be routinely required.
Last Updated 8/22/2016 4:43:26 PM
Entry Number 1124
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